Fifth Generation Mobile Networks
Beyond speed and latency, fifth-generation mobile networks, 5G networks , will contribute much more than is believed: they represent a great opportunity to go around the entire industrial world in the coming years. Its great opportunities are to achieve greater efficiency and productivity in the work of the future. A challenge within the reach of all businesses, although with important nuances : in 2019 the starting point was given but there are still great challenges that reduce the initial euphoria.
The main national operators have begun to deploy the new connections. Vodafone has been the first to activate them. In a matter of months, most will have made the leap to this infrastructure aimed at connecting all kinds of electronic devices. A new era for the economy opens. To take advantage of it, it will be necessary to make numerous adjustments, adapt new technologies in the business, change industrial processes … And, of course, unlock some frequencies in which the DTT channels travel for now. 700 megahertz band(MHz) is still in the air. The bidding process by the Government, known as the second digital dividend, will begin next year. It must be before summer to meet the requirements of the European Commission (EC). And with that, the investment of countless business projects has been delayed.
This year the first stone has been laid, but everything indicates that it will have a great tour: it is estimated that by 2025 this technology will represent 15% of global mobile connections. Apart from technical minutiae, the industry as a whole will be able to benefit from this technological base. There are many opportunities to digitally transform the way of manufacturing goods or providing services. First, believe the experts consulted, it will mean the end of cable connections and have greater control of production.
Telecommunications companies have begun to invest around 160 billion dollars each year in the expansion and updating of their networks, according to a report from the GSMA, a worldwide organization of mobile operators. The 5G will contribute about 2.2 billion dollars to the global economy in the next 15 years, with key sectors such as industry, public, professional and financial services, which will be the most benefited by this still emerging technology that has been the focus of conflict between the US and Chinese powers. A fight for total technological control in which Europe has lagged behind. In four years’ time it is estimated that there are 1,500 million subscribers.
In a few years, experts predict, there will have been great advances in this regard by introducing more advanced robotization systems in companies, more efficient data processing, the appearance of remote work or the development of autonomous vehicles, saving travel costs. The era of 5G will create different connections with different characteristics depending on the demand of the device, thus allowing hundreds of machines to connect to the internet wirelessly. Another problem to solve is latency, that is, the speed of the connection response. In 4G it is not fast enough to support, for example, the autonomous car with total safety. For Luis Abad, general director of the Altran consultancy, this technology will allow the industry to “decouple computing that was done locally on the objects and machines of the same and take the computing to the end of the network.”
“It has tremendous benefits, as it will allow, for example, that we use augmented reality and low-cost virtual reality glasses with high-end glasses. It will also allow us to drive cars with info-entertainment and security features similar to those of a Premium brand with the cost of a mid-range one »he points out. Likewise, the interconnection of thousands of objects in almost real time will extend the remote, automated or semi-automated management of delicate production and care processes.
5G Network Obstacles
Experts believe that it is necessary to promote the adoption of standards, identify use cases, experiment with technologies and, above all, develop new ecosystems. Although Spain is currently going on the locomotive; A report of the 5G European Observatory places it as the European country where there are more pilot projects underway.
However, it is not gold everything that shines. Enrique Porta , responsible consumer partner of the KPMG consultancy in Spain, is blunt: “Companies have not yet reached the full potential of AI in personalizing services, partly because there is no immediacy in the response they give to their customers. These processes still need execution time but with the development of 5G, the internet of things and other technological solutions that bring speed to the analysis of information in real time, companies will be able to improve their value proposition.