We explain what is management in administration and the differences between management and administration. Project management and public management.
Management In Administration
Business management refers to the planning of processes to achieve the objectives of a company or organization .
Administrative management includes the mechanisms, actions and forms from which the financial, human and material resources of a company are used. In this way, administrative management is delimited from the following question: What are the objectives of the organization?
Within administrative management, four basic principles are identified:
Planning : It has to do with the delimitation ofthe organization’s objectives , followed by an action plan that responds to those objectives.
Order : The order in which the steps to achieve the established objectives is determined.
Discipline : It has to do with the organized and systematic way in which the different tasks must be carried out to achieve the initial objectives.
Coherence : It has to do with the designation of tasks and responsibilities in a rational way so that each employee can complete the tasks in a timely manner, in accordance with the designed plans. At this point, the amount of human , financial and material resources that will be required to achieve the established objectives are also taken into consideration.
Difference between management and administration :
Management and administration are two concepts that are used within the business environment , but they are not synonymous. While management refers to the exercise of certain responsibilities within an organization, administration has to do with the control, organization and direction of resources within a company.
It refers to a series of responsibilities that are exercised in order to achieve the objectives of the organization.
It focuses on monitoring the resources available to achieve the stated objectives.
Coordinates the different functions that must participate in the achievement of the objectives.
It includes the procedures that are required for the realization of the objectives.
It has an executive role.
He is in charge of deciding which person will do each task and how.
Represents the firm’s staff.
It includes a series of techniques that have to do with planning, controlling and directing the resources that the company has in order to obtain the maximum possible benefit from them.
It comprises a series of administrative and practical principles that are applied to the formation of a system that works for a series of common purposes. For this, the different teams must work in a coordinated way.
Decision-making related to achieving the highest possible benefits depends on it . These decisions, in turn, limit the management of the company.
Your role is decisive.
Decide what should be done and when.
Represents the owners of the firm, who make a profit .
Project management is a series of methodologies aimed at planning and directing the processes that make up a certain project.
A project is defined as a set of operations designed to achieve a certain objective .
Each project must determine what is its scope , what will be the resources necessary for its realization and what are the start and end times.
Each project must elaborate on the following points:
What are the phases of the project .
How much it will cost to complete the project (a budget ).
What are the objectives pursued.
How long it will take to achieve the stated objectives.
What will be the scope of the project.
Public management involves a series of entities that are in charge of the administration of State resources .
Its purpose is to satisfy the needs of the population together with the promotion of the development of the State .
Those who carry out public management have the responsibility of carrying out the tasks related to the administration of the different state areas and of the programs that aim to improve the public sector.
In addition, they participate in the design and promotion of projects that have to do with public policies , are part of development processes , participate in the use of new management strategies and are the ones who must implement any kind of evaluation and control of administrative activities. .
Public management establishes what the goals and objectives of the public sector will be , what its priorities are, and what procedures will be carried out to achieve those goals.
Parliament is the power that determines what will be the functions, tasks and responsibilities that will fall on public management.
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