Different Types Of Applications
At present, any project not only needs a conventional web page, but it has become fashionable, it can even be said that it is currently necessary, the creation of an application or app so that the new project expands and can be viewed correctly on both websites, tablets and smartphones
On the technical level of the applications or app there are three distinct groups: native applications , mashups and web applications, also known as Web App .
What is an APP
Since the introduction of smartphones in the lives of users, the term app has become familiar to the point of being a word as used as Internet, online payment, ticket or technology.
An application or an app is nothing other than a small software that is installed on mobile devices or tablets and that allow us to achieve better optimization, visualization and performance than if we accessed through browsers.
There are currently countless operational applications for both Android and iOS. They are accessed through the Google Play Store or APP Store , two of the best-known mobile app stores on the market that allow us to correctly download the applications so that we can later access them and perform different functions.
A native application is understood as a small software that is implicitly developed for a specific operating system, such as Android or iOS . The programming language used by a native application will go from the one chosen by Apple (Objective-C) to Android (Java), respectively.
Native applications have certain advantages, because they have a more fluid operation than if the connection is made through the browser. In addition, all applications once installed have a direct connection with the mobile tools, such as the camera or GPS, so the use of native applications is necessary when you want to perform deeper functions, both online and offline.
The biggest disadvantage of creating a native application is in the economic section. If someone wants to carry out a project and wants his application to be native, he must know in advance that the developer has to be very good and specific, since he must know very well the programming language of the operating system. If the application is from Apple, the developer has to know what is the language used in iOS.
Web App Or Web Application
Sometimes the mobile is packed with unnecessary applications and, in addition, there is not enough space to install anything else between images, videos or temporary files. Therefore, what better than a web application and not having to install anything in the terminal? That’s what a Web App is about, by simply having to access the browser and enter the URL correctly, we can correctly view the content.
Unlike a native application, a Web App is not an application in itself, that is, you do not need to download the small software by any application store such as Google Play Store or APP Store. For example, an application that all mobile downloads is the WhatsApp messaging tool. It is a necessary application today, for everything that saves on calls and / or messages and that every user has on their mobile. However, this application cannot be viewed by mobile without an application (if it can be viewed by the PC by a browser) and other applications such as Twitter or Facebook if they have their adaptation as a Web App.
You can say that a Web App is a web page optimized and adaptable to mobile devices. That is, it is a page that can be opened by the browser, either Chrome or Safari , and it will look the same regardless of whether it is a computer, a tablet or a mobile phone and it does not matter what operating system it is. This adaptation is achieved thanks to the HTML5 and CSS3 programming languages, respectively.
Advantages And Disadvantages
Advantages: A web application provides (to us users) countless advantages, including that it is independent of the platform . In addition, the user does not need to go to any application store to download anything, just include the URL correctly in the browser installed on the mobile device,
Other of its advantages is that the base code with which the web application is created is reusable on multiple platforms , its development is simpler and cheaper than that of a native application and does not need any external approval to publish, that is, They do not need to be visible by any intermediary such as the APP Store.
Disadvantages: with exceptions, it is not possible to use functions of the device such as the camera or GPS, tools to which native applications or hybrid applications do have access. Therefore, the web application is aimed more at less ambitious projects and where it is not necessary to perform high caliber functions. In addition, and unlike native or hybrid applications, you need an Internet connection , except when the app is temporarily saved with HTML5.
What is a hybrid App
If the web applications or Web App did not need an application to be displayed, but was done through the browser itself, the hybrid applications are built by the developers with the device’s own web browser .
If it is true that hybrid applications have not yet achieved the experience that a user can get through the native ones, but they are close to achieving it. A clear example is the Instagram application. Allows you to use certain features or tools of the mobile, such as the camera to take pictures (native application), while allowing you to view images and view profiles (web application).
Today, it has not reached the level of a native application, but it is a fairly economical option, especially for not-so-demanding projects. In addition, it is an interesting option to reach the largest number of users on different platforms, as it allows the user to reach both the web and the application.
Advantages and disadvantages
Disadvantages: possibly the biggest drawback is that a hybrid application does not become a native application, so the user will have the feeling that it is more of a web application with a native application mask.
The economic factor is one of the most important, if not the most. If the project is only to publicize a product, we should opt for the web application as the best option. If more depth is required, then the hybrid application. Roughly speaking, the size of the project will depend on the requirement of the project and what we need now and in the long term.